What is Digital Library? know full details

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In India’s Education Budget 2023, the country’s Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a digital library for children and adolescents and talked about connecting all schools with this digital library. In such a situation, the question started arising in the minds of many people that what is this Digital Library (Digital Library in Hindi) and how does it work?

We started research on this topic and gathered some specific information. In today’s article, you will get to know all the information related to digital library. Like what are the features of digital library ? Advantages of Digital Library? You will get to read the answers to these questions in this article. So let’s go ahead and start with the complete information.


What is Digital Library?

A digital library, also known as an online library or internet library, is a collection of digital objects such as text, images, audio, video, digital documents or other media formats that can be accessed through a local network or the Internet. Could. These items can also include digitized content such as prints or photographs, as well as originally digital content such as word processor files or social media posts.

In addition to storing the content, digital libraries also provide means for organizing, searching, and retrieving the content included in the collection. Digital libraries can vary greatly in size and scope and are run by individuals or organizations.

Content in these libraries can be stored locally or accessed remotely through computer networks.

How does a digital library work?

A digital library is a collection of documents arranged in electronic form, which can be of two types; One internet based and the other CD-ROM disk based.

Digital library access can be enhanced by a broadband connection to the Internet, such as a cable modem or DSL. Dial-up connections can be used to access plain-text documents and some documents with images. But to access complex files and animated video content, an internet connection with a speed of a few hundred kbps can make the user experience even better. Internet based library can be updated on daily basis, which is its biggest advantage.

The capacity to store content in a CD-ROM based library is limited to several hundred megabytes, but access is usually much faster than with an Internet connection. Several CD-ROMs can be combined into one set, and because the disks are smaller in size, a larger library can be accommodated in a reasonable physical space. But the main limitation of CD-ROM is that it cannot be updated frequently like internet based library. In addition, CD-ROMs are more expensive to produce and distribute, which makes them more expensive than Internet-based libraries.

Functions of Digital Library

Some of the functions of a digital library are as follows:

  • To deliver a large amount of information to users whenever it is needed, wherever they are.
  • Providing user-friendly interface.
  • Providing access to primary information sources.
  • Support for multimedia content with text.
  • hypertext links for navigation.
  • network accessibility over the Internet and intranet.
  • client-server architecture.
  • Integration with other digital libraries.
  • Advanced Search and Retrieval.

What happens in Digital Library?

A digital library can be prepared in two ways; One way is to convert the traditional library into a digital library and the other way is to create a direct digital library. The planning of a digital library includes IT infrastructure, digitization, staff, furniture, equipment, space, services and capital.

Things needed to create digital resources

What is Digital Library? know full details

Some of the things that are needed to create digital resources in a digital library are as follows:

> Database of digital content that is open to all users on a campus-wide LAN .

> High bandwidth के साथ internet connectivity.

> Selective focus on access to digital resources.

> Incorporating electronic journals and phasing out print subscriptions.

> licensed database .

> Creation of local digital content available within the university.

Advantages of Digital Library

> Almost unlimited storage space is available at a very low cost.

> Digital libraries do not have physical boundaries.

> The content is updated on a daily basis.

> Access to a wide variety of content is available.

> There is no shortage of resources.

> It is available to the readers round the clock.

> Access can be granted to multiple users simultaneously.

> It has universal reach.Getting information is very fast and convenient.

> Preservation remains for some print content.

> The material is available in good quality in the digital library.

> Knowledge is preserved for future generations.

Objectives of Digital Library

  • Accelerating the systematic development of processes to collect, store and organize information in digital form.
  • Distribution of information to all users at low cost.
  • To strengthen communication and collaboration among educational institutions .
  • To play a leadership role in the generation and dissemination of knowledge.
  • To encourage cooperative efforts in research processing, computing and communication networks.

Features of Digital Library

  • The collection of a digital library consists of permanent documents.
  • The digital environment in the library makes the information available to the users immediately.
  • Digital libraries are often used by individuals working alone.
  • There is no physical limitation of data, that is, data can be stored in unlimited quantities.
  • Compression of data storage enables the publication and storage of digital information.
  • Provides storage, retrieval, use and exchange of telecommunication resources.

Types of Digital Libraries

There are three types of digital libraries, which you can see below.

Institutional Repositories

These are academic libraries whose repositories include their institution’s books, papers and other items that can be digitized or are digitally generated. These libraries are available to the general public for the purposes of open access with some restrictions.

National Library Collections

National Library is the main repository of information in a country. In these libraries, one or two copies of every material published within the country are preserved, which is called legal deposit. This legal deposit is covered under the copyright act or any special law made for legal deposit.

Following the advent of electronic documents, legislation has had to be amended to incorporate the new formats, such as the 2016 amendment to the Copyright Act 1968 in Australia. Since then various types of electronic depositories have been created.

The British Library’s Publisher Submission Portal and the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek have deposit points on a network of German model libraries, but public access is only available in reading rooms in the libraries. Similarly, the Australian National edeposit system also has the same features, but it provides remote access to the general public for most of the material.

Digital Archives

Digital archives are slightly different from digital libraries, which include primary sources of information. In these files, invoices, deeds and other documents are stored. Apart from these, music and videos can also be stored in it. Digital archives are often web-based, but local data carriers can also be used as electronic archives.

The purpose of digital archives is to store data that is no longer needed immediately, but is still considered important. They serve to preserve important information for future generations.

Digital Library of India

Talking about the best example of digital libraries in India, it is the Indian National Digital Library , located at IIT Kharagpur . It is a major library of books in Indian languages, which is available to the general public on the Internet. In this you can find and read books for free. Along with this the library also provides online links to six major Indian newspapers.

Other major digital libraries of the country

– Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts Digital Library, New Delhi

– Traditional Knowledge Digital Library Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India

– Vidyanidhi Mysore (in the Information Department of Mysore)


Hope you have understood very well what is Digital Library? I have tried my best to provide you all the information related to Digital Library so that you do not need to visit any other website regarding this topic. If you have liked this information or got to learn something new, then please do share it on other social media networks.

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